Genocide Ina genocide began in the Darfur region of Sudan. This has escalated to the mass slaughter ofpeople. This is why countries around the world should open up their eyes and help a country that is going through a genocide. The genocide is occurring in the western region of Sudan.
Share via Email Peacekeeping can never be an exact science. However, as Darfur's suffering continues a year on from the deployment of the much-lauded hybrid United Nations African Mission in Darfur Unamidit is time for the UN to reflect on why this particular experiment has gone so very wrong.
The most obvious hindrance to the Unamid force has been its lack of troops. To date only 9, of the 26, troops promised are on the ground.
Unamid is so resented and mistrusted by Darfuri people that is now being attacked by civilians who believe it is in league with the Sudanese government. This in turn intensifies the conflict as angry young men become radicalised within the camps, frustrated that their people continue to be attacked and killed by the Sudanese with impunity.
From the start Unamid has lacked helicopters, logistics and communications equipment, all essential to cover an area the size of France with very few paved roads. For instance, only four in nine Unamid trucks in one area have batteries to power them. Unamid is unable even to protect itself from attacks, let alone protect civilians and humanitarian operations in Darfur.
Western powers cite their commitments in Iraq and Afghanistan when resisting calls for help from Unamid.
Nevertheless, a show of unity from the international community, and a little political will, would boost Unamid's credibility, giving the Sudanese pause for thought as they impede the peacekeepers every step of the way.
According to a recent reportat a conservative estimate Nato alone could provide suitable helicopters not currently in active service elsewhere - four times the number that Unamid has requested. Added to the chronic lack of resources is the UN's curiously conciliatory attitude towards the Sudanese government.
In many ways Unamid was damned from its inception, undermined by the UN's willingness to appease President Bashirmaking cordial relations with Khartoum its priority.
Before a single soldier set foot in Darfur, the UN had conceded to Bashir's demand that his government would dictate the terms of deployment. Unsurprisingly, the conditions set by Sudan have been so unrealistic as to render Unamid ineffective.
After removing Unamid's teeth, Bashir then delayed its arrival by refusing to provide land for bases, stopping equipment leaving ports, delaying visas by six months or more, and randomly imposing restrictions on movement. Why did the UN ever agree to ask the permission of the architect of a genocide to use UN planes to investigate reports of that genocide?
Instead of applying sanctions that were long ago approved by the UN security council, the UN has favoured "regional conflict management" that in effect means using inexperienced and outnumbered African troops, some of whom go without pay for months. Through its actions the UN has inadvertently allowed what could have been an effective regional peacekeeping tool, boosted by western support, to be manipulated into a political tool by the Khartoum junta.
Bashir continues to outwit the international community, demanding that the renewal of Unamid's mandate is contingent on the withdrawal of International Criminal Court genocide charges against him. So long as the UN panders to Bashir, Unamid will remain ineffective.
There will be neither peace nor justice in Darfur while Bashir is treated as our valued partner in the search for regional harmony. The same Khartoum dictatorship spent 20 years ethnically cleansing and killing its black African population in Southern Sudan, paying and arming local nomads to be its proxies, just as it does now in Darfur.
Strangely, the international community still has not drawn the obvious conclusions about the nature of the regime it is now beholden to in Darfur. In the UN must exert the will to control of its peacekeeping mission, giving it the diplomatic, political and material support to carry out its mission.
Only then is there a realistic chance to end the bloodshed and suffering in Darfur, or to restore faith in the UN's capacity to restore peace and security anywhere else in the world's trouble spots.UN peacekeepers failed to protect civilians in Sudan's Darfur region, even when they were shot in front of them, a former UN spokeswoman says.
The failure of the United Nations to avert the humanitarian crisis in Darfur can be seen as being fuelled by the discordance between the secretariat and the Security Council.
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Ala Mayyahi presents an interview with historian Gi-breel. However, as Darfur's suffering continues a year on from the deployment of the much-lauded hybrid United Nations African Mission in Darfur (Unamid), it is time for the UN to reflect on why this.