Research papers on chinas one child policy

Chinas overpopulation is a resource to its economic gains by providing mass production at a low cost to business around the globe. Overpopulation has led china to seek different approaches when using its resources for food and water to feed its emergent population. Chinas population crisis is a situation that if not dealt with properly could lead to a serious problem affecting other nations.

Research papers on chinas one child policy

Mosher and Jonathan Abbamonte January 15, Women in China found pregnant with an over-quota child continue to face severe penalties, PRI has found. These penalties include, in many provinces, being forced to have an abortion. It has been nearly two years since the Chinese Government modified its planned birth policy.

Under the new policy, married couples are prohibited by the Communist government from having more than two children. Couples who have already given birth to two children one or both of whom are handicapped: As a recent PRI on-the-ground investigation in China has revealed, in certain locales the two-child policy is being just as rigorously enforced as the one-child policy was.

Indeed, as greedy and unscrupulous family planning officials find fewer targets for their fines and extralegal confiscations of property, and face the prospect of seeing their income reducedthey seem to be bearing down even harder on those who violate the new policy.

Provincial Population Control and Planned Birth ordinances continue to grant officials wide latitude in enforcing the new policy, powers which often result in widespread human rights abuses. Couples who exceed their government-mandated birth limit continue to be punished with crushing fines equal to two to ten times their annual household income, according to the Planned Birth ordinances of Hunan, Liaoning, Hainan, and Henan provinces.

Under certain circumstances, these fines can climb even higher.

Step 1 For this assignment you will need to read the article “China’s One-Child Policy” by Laura Fitzpatrick, published in the July 27, issue of Time Magazine. Xu Huang Lauren Zajac English Persuasive Essay Instructor Draft 15 Nov. It is the Time to Stop the One-Child Policy in China In , the Population and Family Planning Commissions of China established a policy, which is the unique policy of China in the world, called the One-Child policy. One-Family, One-Child Research Papers One-Family, One-Child policy in China launched in has turned reproduction into an area of direct state intervention. This is a topic suggestion on One-Family, One-Child from Paper Masters.

Planned Birth ordinances in many provinces mandate abortion for women pregnant with an unauthorized child. Regulations in Hunan, Liaoning, Hainan, and Henan provinces explicitly state that women who violate the policy must terminate their pregnancies. The Planned Birth rules for Hainan province, for instance, proclaim: Those whose pregnancies do not conform to these Regulations, must promptly terminate their pregnancy.

Those whose pregnancies do not conform to the birth regulations instituted by law must promptly terminate their pregnancies. For those who refuse to take corrective action, both parties involved in the matter [e.

Research papers on chinas one child policy

Those who violate these Planned Birth regulations and who, after becoming pregnant, refuse to take advice and refuse to terminate their pregnancy: Another prominent aspect of the post-two-child policy Planned Birth regulations is their continuing emphasis on eugenics. For instance, Article 43 of the Guizhou Planned Birth regulations reads: If either husband or wife suffers from a serious congenital defect, etc.

According to the U. The State Department has also found that even in provinces without explicit requirements to terminate unauthorized pregnancies, local family planning officials continue to strongly coerce women to submit to abortion. In one case reported by the Chinese government-funded media outlet Sixth Tone, a woman in Guangdong was forced to abort her child at six months after her government employer threatened her with job loss and steep fines.

How has the end of its one-child policy affected China? | Asia | Al Jazeera

Several provinces still mandate employers to report, sanction, demote, deny promotions to, or even terminate employees who are discovered having more than two children. In many provinces, regulations deny violators access to financial assistance for pre-natal or childbirth expenses that they would have otherwise been entitled to.

At this time the employee penalties associated with the two-child policy remain codified in Planned Birth regulations across the country. In the countryside, those elected to local village committees are automatically dismissed from their posts if they exceed their government-mandated, two-child limit.

Some provinces, including Yunnan, Hainan, and Fujian, also seek to impose such punishments on employees working for private companies.

That is to say, private companies are required to sanction and fire employees for becoming pregnant with, or actually giving birth to, an illegal child. The Planned Birth regulations in Jinlin province, for example, concedes that the practice of private company sanctions against violators not only exists but is well-known.

Within days of the roll-out of the two-child policy, in fact, a woman in Zhejiang province was, according to Sixth Tone, fired by her private employer for having given birth to her second child.

Migrant workers are being swept up in the two-child policy net as well. Planned Birth regulations in a number of provinces, including Guangdong and Hainan, require both employers and landlords to verify marriage license and birth permits as a condition of employing or renting to migrant workers and their families.

Article Fifteen of those same regulations even seeks to enlist everyone into a kind of anti-natal Neighborhood Watch: Those who provide goods or services within apartment complexes and neighborhoods must accurately report population numbers and information related to Planned Birth concerns to Health and Planned Birth offices in order to assist in family planning work.

There, all employers have been ordered to cooperate with forcing migrant workers to have abortions. The Hubei law states: All those who hire workers, who rent out or are responsible for renting out apartments and houses, who run factories, shops, and other enterprises must cooperate with Township Town committees in registering and collecting information on the migrant population when it comes to the Planned Birth policy.

As far as those members of the migrant population who violate the regulations and laws governing pregnancy are concerned, employers and companies must assist in carrying out the measures necessary to terminate such pregnancies. As this summary makes clear, the Two-Child Policy is being enforced just as vigorously—and with just as little regard for the human rights of the Chinese people—as the One-Child Policy was.

The Chinese Party-State continues to control reproduction just as it controls other aspects of Chinese society:The Law of aimed at a society made up of one-child families but did not plan how the only child, together with his/her spouse, would support up to four parents, eight grand-parents -and an only child.

There been a one child per family policy that restricts families to only one chi order to maintain the population levels. An example of a consequent following the population control policies is but not limited to a taxation to 50% of the income received by that family.

Another criticism about the One Child Policy is known as the “” problem, four grandparents, two parents and one child. China has a large number of dependents in the country and according to an estimate, between and , China’s work force between ages 0 to 24 will be cut by 50% and this problem is only going to get worse.

Chinas one chilled policy is a way for it to control the population while maintaining friendly relations with its people. The policy is like this; a mother may only have only one child, if the child is born with a serious disability (and would be unable to support the family in their old age) or if the child dies, then they are allowed to have.

one-child policy, than it would have had otherwise. [28] [29] Chinese authorities thus consider the policy as a great success in helping to implement China's current economic growth. In the 35 years since China adopted its one-child policy, for many of the country's billion citizens, the term has come to express the official government policy of having just one healthy child.

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