Marx is best known for his two unsparing critiques of capitalism. The means of production include nearly everything needed to produce commodities, including natural resources, factories, and machinery.
Next I will focus on the argument he is trying to make and I will show my understanding of it by dividing it into four sections.
In order to fully understand the text I will need to show an understanding of the sociological method used.
Therefore the next half of my essay will focus on that. Next I will talk about the method Marx used which was historical materialism. This struggle is a conflict between an ownership class which controls production and a lower class which produces the labour for goods.
Alienated labour suggests that the worker loses the ability to determine his or her life and destiny when deprived of the right to think for himself and control what he does, to determine the individuality of those actions, to develop social relationships and to produce for himself.
His first argument is based on the idea of alienation from the product. However Marx argued that capitalism deprives an individual of these factors. They are deprived of the ability to create something for themselves, they are deprived of the ability to produce a product that they can use themselves to gain money and also they are deprived of personal fulfilment and job satisfaction.
This takes place, said marx, when human beings become estranged from the things they produce and lose control over their product.
Marx also argued about alienation from productive activity.
When an individual who works for themselves produces a product they have the ability to sell that product for whatever price they want giving them the opportunity to make money for themselves.
Marx had seen alienation within the creative control of the worker.
When a worker creates a product for himself he uses his own ingenuity to build it his own way. He does what his company and managers tell him to do. Finally Marx argued about alienation from fellow humans.
Capitalism alienates the worker from other workers by dehumanising them and creating a competitive market where one worker is competitive towards the other for labour and money. Subsequently he argues that the worker is alienated in four ways.
Alienation from the product he produces, the labour becomes impersonal, alienation from the human race and alienation from other human beings. Durkheim argues that society is held together because individuals are dependent upon each other because they specialize in different kinds of work.
Durkheim suggested that with people acting and thinking alike and with a common conscience this allows social order to be maintained. However, when society has entered that advanced phase, it becomes much stronger and is finished developing.
Contrary to Marx, Durkheim did not predict any distinct society emerging out of the industrial capitalist division of labour. Although both Marx and Durkheim agree to a certain extent that the division of labour changes the way that individuals feel they are part of society as a whole.
However both are similar as they focus on the forced division of labour and capitalism. He argues that there is a quite definite pattern to the way societies in different parts of the world and at times in history, have organised the production of material goods. This theory of history and society is called historical materialism.
Man will produce in accordance to his needs. And also suggests that those who hold the means of production control ruling ideas and consciousness. The process which lead to historical materialism was the industrial revolution which was a historical period in which major changes occurred in textile, transportation, agriculture and the social structure in England.
Advances in agricultural techniques and practices resulted in an increased supply of food and raw materials, changes in industrial organization and new technology resulted in increased production, efficiency and profits.
Marx seen this as the beginning of the rise of capitalism and the exploitation that comes with it.
So how does alienated labour illustrate historical materialism? In relation to historical materialism humans produce to survive and alienated labour controls this production as it controls how much you produce and prevents you producing for yourself within terrible working conditions.
According to historical materialism humans exist due to social relations with others Marx was influenced by this thought when suggesting that capitalist labour alienates people by distancing them from social interaction.
There are advantages to historical materialism. Historical materialism separates what is actually happening from what people assume is happening. However there are disadvantages with historical materialism.
Historical materialism denies the importance of individuals. However, political institutions do matter, independently of economics. I think historical materialism represents a major step forward in historical analysis.
It demonstrates an important perspective into the understanding of history. However, historical materialism has its disadvantages. On its own historical materialism is a weak, reductionist method of studying history. It ignores important features of historical reality.Jan 02, · This essay will critically analyse Karl Marx’s ‘Alienated labour’ from his work ‘Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of I will have my essay split into small sections starting with a short paragraph about Karl Marx moving onto a small paragraph .
Free Essay: Karl Marx's Estranged Labor In Karl Marx's early writing on "estranged labor" there is a clear and prevailing focus on the plight of. Through estranged, alienated labor, then, the worker produces the relationship to this labor of a man alien to labor and standing outside it.
The relationship of the worker to labor creates the relation to it of the capitalist (or whatever one chooses to call the master of labor). Karl Marx on Estranged Labor Essay - Karl Marx on Estranged Labor In Karl Marx's early writing on "estranged labour" there is a clear and prevailing focus on the plight of the labourer.
Marx's writing on estranged labour is and attempt to draw a stark distinction between property owners and workers. Essay on Karl Marx's Estranged Labor Words | 8 Pages.
Karl Marx's Estranged Labor In Karl Marx's early writing on "estranged labor" there is a clear and prevailing focus on the plight of the laborer.
Marx's writing on estranged labor is an attempt to draw a stark distinction between property owners and workers. Through estranged, alienated labor, then, the worker produces the relationship to this labor of a man alien to labor and standing outside it.
The relationship of the worker to labor creates the relation to it of the capitalist (or .