An Anthology of Animal-Human Encounters, ed. Mitchell, Columbia University Press, Washington Post I looked at the Chicken endlessly, and I wondered. What lay behind the veil of animal secrecy?
Want to start a startup? Get funded by Y Combinator. July This essay is derived from a talk at Oscon A few months ago I finished a new bookand in reviews I keep noticing words like "provocative'' and "controversial. I was trying to make it efficient. I didn't want to waste people's time telling them things they already knew.
It's more efficient just to give them the diffs. But I suppose that's bound to yield an alarming book. Edisons There's no controversy about which idea is most controversial: I didn't say in the book that variation in wealth was in itself a good thing.
I said in some situations it might be a sign of good things. A throbbing headache is not a good thing, but it can be a sign of a good thing-- for example, that you're recovering consciousness after being hit on the head. Variation in wealth can be a sign of variation in productivity. In a society of one, they're identical.
And that is almost certainly a good thing: It's probably because you have no Thomas Edisons. In a low-tech society you don't see much variation in productivity.
If you have a tribe of nomads collecting sticks for a fire, how much more productive is the best stick gatherer going to be than the worst? A factor of two? Whereas when you hand people a complex tool like a computer, the variation in what they can do with it is enormous.
That's not a new idea. Fred Brooks wrote about it inand the study he quoted was published in But I think he underestimated the variation between programmers. He wrote about productivity in lines of code: But what if the problem isn't given?
In programming, as in many fields, the hard part isn't solving problems, but deciding what problems to solve. Imagination is hard to measure, but in practice it dominates the kind of productivity that's measured in lines of code. Productivity varies in any field, but there are few in which it varies so much.
The variation between programmers is so great that it becomes a difference in kind. I don't think this is something intrinsic to programming, though. In every field, technology magnifies differences in productivity.
I think what's happening in programming is just that we have a lot of technological leverage. But in every field the lever is getting longer, so the variation we see is something that more and more fields will see as time goes on.
And the success of companies, and countries, will depend increasingly on how they deal with it. If variation in productivity increases with technology, then the contribution of the most productive individuals will not only be disproportionately large, but will actually grow with time.To enter the Listen to a Life Contest, a young person years old interviews an older person over 50 years (cannot be a parent; may be a grandparent, older friend, mentor, neighbor, assisted living or long-term care resident, etc.).
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“[A] scathing assessment Berry shows that Wilson's much-celebrated, controversial pleas in Consilience to unify all branches of knowledge is nothing more than a fatuous subordination of religion.
A photograph of two muscular young black men dominated the page. Their faces and shirtless torsos, drenched with sweat, filled the frame, giving them an almost palpable physical presence.
John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
The Social Life of Chickens and the Mental States I Believe They Have and Need in Order to Participate in the Social Relationships I have Observed.