Grass fully cursive Regular non-cursive Regular script is considered the archetype for Chinese writing, and forms the basis for most printed forms. In addition, regular script imposes a stroke orderwhich must be followed in order for the characters to be written correctly.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Writing for a Chinese Business Audience Summary: This handout provides examples and information on writing in English for both domestic and international audiences doing business in China.
It includes information on letters and memos, as well as important stylistic considerations. While many of the genres and conventions of business writing in English are found everywhere, some are unique to particular contexts, and may prove challenging to those attempting to do business in those contexts.
Being able to create appropriate formal and informal written business documents in these contexts not only contributes to a more efficient business enterprise, but also enables the writer to be seen as knowledgeable and culturally sensitive. This handout is designed to provide basic information on writing effectively in English for business audiences in the People's Republic of China.
While the information in the handout is designed from the perspective of familiarity with the norms of North American business writingit will also be helpful as a guide for anyone who is unfamiliar with business writing in China, including students from China. The information included below is meant to serve as a quick and ready reference sheet on Chinese business writing.
The topics discussed in this handout are: Letters and Memos Style considerations Two important notes must be made: This handout is designed only for business writing in mainland China, not for writing based in Hong Kong or in Taiwan the Republic of China.
Since English is a foreign language in Chinese contexts, and not an adopted second language as it is in India, the standards for letters and memos below will not always apply. If you are writing from an organization in an Anglophone English-speaking country, the standards of business writing in Anglophone countries may be expected.
Conversely, if you are writing within a Chinese context-as a member of a Chinese company, for example-the Chinese norms may apply. In either case, if you are writing to a Chinese audience, apply the information on style and social consdierations below to the standard that you choose.
Check with colleagues for the standard practices of your company. Letters and Memos The purposes of business letters and memos in China parallel the purposes they serve in North American businesses: Letters Make sure that your letterhead includes a fax number.
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If it doesn't, type it directly beneath the letterhead. Faxing continues to be an important component of doing business in China. If a letter is generated on organizational letterhead, enter a document number on the far right side of the page, below the letterhead. This number identifies the letter's place in the organization's history of letters, as well as other information.
North American use of reference numbers is not as common as it is in Chinese companies. Beneath the document number but on the left side of the page, type only the name of the addressee's organization not the addressfollowed by the name and appropriate title of the individual addressee. Chinese names are traditionally written with the surname family name first, followed by the given name.
If your addressee has already written it with the given name first, though, continue to follow that form. The sender name and date are typed toward the right side of the page, without a complimentary close. Dates are typed immediately under the sender name, in year-month-day format without commas ex: Use of numbers instead of month names is a more regular occurrence.
As with a North American letter, type "CC" for anyone receiving an additional copy of the letter, followed by their names. A list of enclosures is optional.Development. Due to its informal character, there was neither a well-established standard nor a common name.
In the early days of e-mail, the humorous term "Volapuk encoding" (Russian: кодировка "воляпюк" or "волапюк", kodirovka volapyuk) was sometimes vetconnexx.com recently the term "translit" emerged to indiscriminately refer to both .
Korean is a language isolate spoken mainly in South Korea and North Korea by about 63 million people. Sample Invitation Letter Date Dear Chinese Consulate, Please be advised that I have invited my son, Bill Bush to visit my wife and myself in Shanghai during the month of July (Jul thru Jul-.
Formal language is more common when we write; informal language is more common when we speak. However, there are times where writing can be very informal, for example, when writing postcards or letters to friends, emails or text messages. Apr 12, · Hi Zoe, Welcome to the Forum.
If you were talking to your teacher, what would you say to him/her? Think about that. Try to write those words in a letter, starting with Dear Teacher, Post your letter .
Write a salutation ("Dear _____:") as you would in a North American letter, then body of the letter, with an introductory paragraph, body paragraph(s), and a closing paragraph.
The sender name and date are typed toward the right side of the page, without a complimentary close.