In the s, anti-slavery forces in the United States developed a free soil strategy of containment, without using the word, to stop the expansion of slavery until it later collapsed.
As the Turkish government would not submit to the Soviet Union's requests, tensions arose in the region, leading to a show of naval force on the side of the Soviets.
Since British assistance to Turkey had ended inthe U. S sent the aircraft carrier Franklin D. The postwar period from started with a " multi-party period " and the Democratic Party government of Adnan Menderes.
This began with a mass killing of largely unarmed EAM supporters known as the Dekemvriana on December 3. In line with the Churchill-Stalin " percentages agreement ", the Greek communists received no help from the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia provided them support and sanctuary against Stalin's wishes.
The breakdown of Allied cooperation in Germany provided a backdrop of escalating tensions for the Truman Doctrine. Kennan — proposed the doctrine of containment in In FebruaryKennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, sent his famed " Long Telegram ", which predicted the Soviets would only respond to force and that the best way to handle them would be through a long-term strategy of containment, that is stopping their geographical expansion.
After the British warned that they could no longer help Greece, and following Prime Minister Konstantinos Tsaldaris 's visit to Washington in December to ask for American assistance,  the U. State Department formulated a plan.
Aid would be given to both Greece and Turkey, to help cool the long-standing rivalry between them. American policy makers recognized the instability of the region, fearing that if Greece was lost to communism, Turkey would not last long.
Similarly, if Turkey yielded to Soviet demands, the position of Greece would be endangered. Greece and Turkey were strategic allies important for geographical reasons as well, for the fall of Greece would put the Soviets on a particularly dangerous flank for the Turks, and strengthen the Soviet Union's ability to cut off allied supply lines in the event of war.
To pass any legislation Truman needed the support of the Republicanswho controlled both houses of Congress. The chief Republican spokesman Senator Arthur H.
Vandenberg strongly supported Truman and overcame the doubts of isolationists such as Senator Robert A.
Acheson laid out the "domino theory" in the starkest terms, comparing a communist state to a rotten apple that could spread its infection to an entire barrel. Vandenberg was impressed, and advised Truman to appear before Congress and "scare the hell out of the American people.
In his eighteen-minute speech, he stated: I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.
I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.
Anti-communists in both parties supported both Truman's proposed aid package and the doctrine behind it, and Collier's described it as a "popularity jackpot" for the President. In the words of historian James T. Patterson"The Truman Doctrine was a highly publicized commitment of a sort the administration had not previously undertaken.
Its sweeping rhetoric, promising that the United States should aid all 'free people' being subjugated, set the stage for innumerable later ventures that led to globalistic commitments. It was in these ways a major step. It dealt with Washington's concern over communism's domino effect, it enabled a media-sensitive presentation of the doctrine that won bipartisan support, and it mobilized American economic power to modernize and stabilize unstable regions without direct military intervention.
It brought nation-building activities and modernization programs to the forefront of foreign policy. Truman used disease imagery not only to communicate a sense of impending disaster in the spread of communism but also to create a "rhetorical vision" of containing it by extending a protective shield around non-communist countries throughout the world.
It echoed the " quarantine the aggressor " policy Truman's predecessor, Franklin D. Roosevelthad sought to impose to contain German and Japanese expansion in "quarantine" suggested the role of public health officials handling an infectious disease. The medical metaphor extended beyond the immediate aims of the Truman Doctrine in that the imagery combined with fire and flood imagery evocative of disaster provided the United States with an easy transition to direct military confrontation in later years with communist forces in Korea and Vietnam.
By framing ideological differences in life or death terms, Truman was able to garner support for this communism-containing policy.containment, policy of A United States foreign policy doctrine adopted by the Harry S.
Truman administration in , operating on the principle that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence. Policy of Containment: America’s Cold War Strategy The Cold War The following article on the Cold War policy of containment is an excerpt from Lee Edwards and Elizabeth Edwards Spalding’s book A Brief History of the Cold War It is available to order now at Amazon and Barnes & Noble.
The Doctrine of Containment is a policy that incorporates both military and economic action to prevent the spread of communism. In the case of the United States, the policy of containment was used to.
Free Online Research Papers The best academic repository of essays and research papers on the internet. Johnson explained containment doctrine by quoting the Bible: "Hitherto shalt thou come, but not further." Goldwater lost to Johnson in the election by a wide margin.
Johnson adhered closely to containment during the Vietnam War. containment, policy of A United States foreign policy doctrine adopted by the Harry S. Truman administration in , operating on the principle that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence.
Johnson explained containment doctrine by quoting the Bible: "Hitherto shalt thou come, but not further."  Goldwater lost to Johnson in the election by a wide margin.
Johnson adhered closely to containment during the Vietnam War.