Where is there the greatest potential for the most destructive conflict? Would it be from North Korea, with its burgeoning and almost incessant nuclearization program, perhaps, or the ongoing tensions between Pakistan and India? Or the real possibility of instability and fragmentation in, for instance, a young democracy like Indonesia, with its internal complexity and lack of institutional strength? All of these are worrying problems.
For centuries Korea was a tributary state of China. Anxious to exert its military influence, Japan secured the Treaty of Kanghwa with Korea inostensibly to protect Japanese fishermen in the Korea Strait.
China, however, continued to expect a privileged relationship with Korea. In March there was a domestic revolt against the Korean monarchy by the Tonghak religious cult, an antiforeign secret society. Both China and Japan sent troops to help put down the rebellion.
Once it was over, China proposed immediate withdrawal of foreign troops. On the pretext of helping to effect political and military reforms, however, Japan declared that its forces would remain in Korea.
The Japanese occupied the royal palace, and in July they made a surprise attack on Chinese naval vessels stationed in Korean waters.
A short conflict on land and sea followed and Japan won a decisive victory.
Concerned that the treaty would destabilize the colonial balance of power in East Asia, Russia, France, and Germany then forced a revision of the Treaty of Shimonoseki under which Japan had to renounce its claim to Liaodong. Their aim was to use force to extend Japanese influence into China, which had been weakened by revolution.
Japan also wanted to expand its territories both to relieve its problem of overpopulation and to obtain badly needed natural resources.
The Japanese invaded Manchuria and gained control of the city of Mukden now Shenyang with its large Chinese garrison.
They set up a puppet government and renamed the region Manchukuo. In response to Chinese resistance, in the Japanese attacked Shanghai and pillaged the countryside. The League of Nations branded Japan an aggressor in October and Japan withdrew from the league several months later. During the next few years Japanese forces in Manchuria exerted military pressure in northern China and by had moved into parts of Chahar now part of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Hebei provinces.
In July a serious clash between Chinese and Japanese troops at the Marco Polo Bridge near Beijing precipitated a full-scale, though undeclared, war between the two countries. The Chinese were hampered by their lack of industrial bases and well-trained army officers and enlisted men.
In the Japanese also seized Hankou now part of Wuhan in central China and Guangzhou in the south. KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek led his armies westward into the interior and established the new wartime capital at Chongqing, in Sichuan province.
The Chinese, however, continued to resist the Japanese. The next day China declared war on Japan and the other Axis powers.- Conflict and War - Japan Sino-Japanese Wars or Chinese-Japanese Wars, struggles in the 19th and 20th centuries between China and Japan over predominance in East Asia.
Japan would be forced to choose between ejecting U.S. forces — and ending the alliance — or joining them against China. The North Korean contingency Finally, conflict on the Korean peninsula. War between China and Japan looms, with neither power willing to back down over a disputed chain of islands, expert warns.
Zukang cautions against hostilities over “those two tiny rocks” Paul Joseph Watson vetconnexx.com December 9, Former Chinese Ambassador to the United Nations Sha Zukang has warned that the dispute between Japan and China over the Senkaku Islands could lead to World War III.
The most likely way war could break out between the two powers is through an escalating crisis. China and Japan both station Coast Guard ships in and around the Senkaku Islands. The deployment of. The Soviet–Japanese border conflicts (also known as the Soviet-Japanese Border War) was a series of battles and skirmishes between the forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Empire of Japan, as well as their respective client states of Mongolia and Manchukuo.