Conditional cash transfers have been used in many countries: Female Secondary School Assistance Project, established in
Do they improve outcomes of interest more than money alone? Is there a role for conditions for political rather than technocratic reasons? However, before one can get to these questions, there is a much more basic question that needs to be answered for any policymaker contemplating running one of these programs at any level: You can identify a behavioral condition related to your outcome of interest visit health clinics, test negative for drugs, get children vaccinated, keep daughters in school, etc.
Alternatively, you can treat these dimensions of announcement, monitoring, and enforcement as continuous variables and vary your effort in each of them: You can also have programs that are announced to be conditional even when there was never any intention to monitor or enforce the condition.
You can have an unconditional cash transfer program for poverty reduction that is run by the Ministry of Finance MoF or to reduce dropouts by the Conditional cash transfer of Education MoE: Again, the list goes on… The range of options above form an undefined and hard to define continuum in which the outcome of interest is being primed in the target population.
If, for example, the MoF ran a cash transfer program among the poor defined, say, by some proxy-means-test and made it clear that the only rule to receive these transfers was being poor by that proxy-means-test, that would be as unconditional a cash transfer program as you could get.
It would also be one that had nothing to do with schooling. You can continue down this road intensifying the priming of the importance of schooling, imposing explicit conditions, enforcing them lightly, until you have the most extreme CCT: Everything else falls in between these two extremes, which happens to be true for most cash transfer programs around the world.
And what are these programs called? But, that is not to say that the end result is not confusing. In fact, quite the contrary: Was it a UCT? My head hurts… The second and third examples come from Honduras and Morocco.
In Morocco, the government recently ran a pilot RCT called Tayssir, in collaboration with the World Bank with treatment arms providing conditional and unconditional cash transfers.
However, the pilot was run by the MoEand because enrollment in the program took place at the local school conducted by the headmastereven the UCTs ended up being de facto conditional on enrolling in school at the beginning of the program.
So, here we have two very similar programs — both of which were conditional on school enrollment at the outset — but one is called a CCT and the other one a UCT. It turns out that your question needs to be much more precise than that.
It is better to define the feasible range of options available to you first politically, ethically, etc. Alas, that evidence is the subject of another post… Tags:Opportunity NYC –Family Rewards, an experimental, privately funded, conditional cash transfer (CCT) program to help families break the cycle of poverty, was the first comprehensive CCT program in a developed country.
CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFERS REDUCING PRESENT AND FUTURE POVERTY they transfer cash while asking beneficiaries to make prespecified investments in child education and health.
The largest CCTs, such as Brazil’s Bolsa Família and Mexico’s Conditional NO $)-. These are examples of the world's favourite new anti-poverty device, the conditional cash-transfer programme (CCT) in poor and middle-income countries.
These schemes give stipends and food to the. Over the past couple of decades, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs have become popular aspects of development strategies in poor countries.
Unconditional cash transfer (UCT) programs aim to reduce poverty by providing welfare programs without any conditions upon the receivers' actions. This differentiates them from conditional cash transfers where the government (or a charity) only transfers the money to persons who meet certain criteria.
Highlights: Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs, which have been implemented in more than 60 countries, provide cash payments to poor families contingent on their meeting certain conditions such as using preventive healthcare, keeping children enrolled in school, or engaging in employment or training.
The goal is to encourage families to .