Pappenheim first came to the attention of another psychoanalyst, Joseph Breuer, in when he was called to her house in Vienna where she was lying in bed, almost entirely paralysed.
Approximately 60 percent of women who experience post-abortion sequelae report suicidal ideation, with 28 percent actually attempting suicide, of which half attempted suicide two or more times.
The suicide rate Case study psychological disorders with birth, by contrast, was half the rate of all women and less than one-sixth the rate of suicide among women who had abortions. Linking these records to death certificates, the researchers found that women who had state-funded abortions were 2.
Suicide attempts appear to be especially prevalent among post-abortion teenagers. Numerous other studies have also revealed higher rates of suicide and suicide attempts associated with abortion. Over twenty studies have linked abortion to increased rates of drug and alcohol use.
Abortion is significantly linked with a two fold increased risk of alcohol abuse among women. For at least some women, post-abortion stress is associated with eating disorders such as binge eating, bulimia, and anorexia nervosa.
Thirty to fifty percent of the women who experience difficulty adjusting to a past abortion report experiencing sexual dysfunctions, of both short and long duration, beginning immediately after their abortions. These problems may include one or more of the following: Abortion is linked with increased depression, violent behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, replacement pregnancies, and reduced maternal bonding with children born subsequently.
These factors are closely associated with child abuse and would appear to confirm individual clinical assessments linking post-abortion trauma with subsequent child abuse.
While psychological reactions to abortion fall into many categories, some women experience all or some of they symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD. The lowest incidence rate of PTSD reported following abortion is 1.
Approximately half had many, but not all, symptoms of PTSD, and 20 to 40 percent showed moderate to high levels of stress and avoidance behavior relative to their abortion experiences. The risk that an experience will be traumatic is increased when the traumatizing event is perceived as including threats of physical injury, sexual violation, or the witnessing of or participation in a violent death.
This hyperarousal causes these defense mechanisms to become disorganized, disconnected from present circumstances, and take on a life of their own resulting in abnormal behavior and major personality disorders. As an example of this disconnection of mental functions, some PTSD victim may experience intense emotion but without clear memory of the event; others may remember every detail but without emotion; still others may reexperience both the event and the emotions in intrusive and overwhelming flashback experiences.
Many are forced into an unwanted abortions by husbands, boyfriends, parents, or others. If the woman has repeatedly been a victim of domineering abuse, such an unwanted abortion may be perceived as the ultimate violation in a life characterized by abuse. Other women, no matter how compelling the reasons they have for seeking an abortion, may still perceive the termination of their pregnancy as the violent killing of their own child.
The fear, anxiety, pain, and guilt associated with the procedure are mixed into this perception of grotesque and violent death.The Department of Psychological Sciences combines the areas of study found in many psychology departments with those typically found in communication sciences departments.
Psychological Disorders Case Study: Psychological disorders are the disorders which are characterized with the problems with the human psychics because of the disease and injures of the human brain. There are many psychological disorders and everyone is connected with the special part of the injured human brain or is caused by other factors.
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Psychological distress is a general term that is used to describe unpleasant feelings or emotions that impact your level of functioning.
Learn about the causes of psychological distress, the. Case Studies in Abnormal Psychology, takes mental disorders from the realm of theory into the complex reality of human lives.
This casebook presents comprehensive coverage of 23 high interest cases that include topics such as eating disorders, gender identity disorder, borderline personality, and posttraumatic stress disorder.
A listing of psychological research being conducted online.